Raymond W. Mushal, 68, of Bethesda, MD, was a U.S. Department of Justice attorney and one of the pioneers of environmental prosecution. A native of North Branford, CT, he graduated with a BA in political science from Yale University in 1966, after which he enlisted in the army. During his first year in Viet Nam as an intelligence officer he ran unilateral operations south of Saigon in support of the Ninth Infantry Division, and he spent his second year in the Delta as an intelligence advisor to the Vietnamese military.
Following his graduation from the University of Pennsylvania Law School in 1973, Mr. Mushal was hired by the United States Department of Justice under the Attorney General’s Honors Program. He joined a very small group of attorneys who specialized entirely in environmental law. He was involved in landmark environmental crimes litigation, including the contamination of the Louisville, KY, sewer system, which caused catastrophic underground explosions in 1981; reviewed and drafted legislation and sentencing guidelines; developed important Environment and Natural Resources Division policies, including the Community Service Policy; trained agents and prosecutors; and created resource materials and an internet website on which environmental prosecutors around the country rely. Mr. Mushal was among the first of the Justice attorneys to shift entirely to criminal prosecutions for environmental violations and was an original member of the Environmental Crimes Section when it was created in 1987. As Senior Counsel, Mr. Mushal was also a champion of environmental crimes programs nationwide. He helped to plan and served as Program Director for the environmental crimes training program for Assistant United States Attorneys and Federal Bureau of Investigation agents at the National Advocacy Center in Columbia, SC.
In the latter part of his career, he focused on strengthening the environmental crimes infrastructure and mentoring the next generation of environmental specialists by providing counsel to federal and state prosecutors and agents throughout the nation. He was principal author/editor of the Environmental Crimes Manual, a resource for prosecutors nationwide. Mr. Mushal created and taught an environmental crimes course as an adjunct professor at the George Washington University Law School from 1992-2010.
Working with Commissioners and staff of the United States Sentencing Commission, he helped to write the first sentencing guidelines for federal environmental crimes.
Among other honors, Mr. Mushal received the Muskie-Chafee Award in 2008 in recognition of his many years of environmental stewardship with the Justice Department’s Environment and Natural Resources Division.
Outside of his professional life, he enjoyed gardening and woodworking, Civil War history, softball, tennis, and hiking (especially in the United Kingdom, where he took a particular interest in the remains of Roman civilization and in ancient cathedrals). For a number of years he was a member of the Board of Trustees of the Friends of Historic Great Falls Tavern in Potomac, MD, and he often volunteered for work projects relating to the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal National Historic Park.
Mr. Mushal is survived by his wife, Barbara Cantey, formerly of Camden; his daughter, Amanda R. Mushal of Charleston; his son, David C. Mushal (Anna Blackwell) of Alvin, TX; and his grandson, Henry R. Mushal.